The Feminist Trailblazer of Black Philanthropy


In Madam C. J. Walker's Gospel of Giving: Black Women's Philanthropy during Jim Crow, Tyrone McKinley Freeman expands the traditional definition of philanthropy beyond financial giving to show the rich history of Black philanthropy that informed the life and work of Madam C. J. Walker—a Black woman who was born on a cotton plantation in Delta, Louisiana, in 1867; was orphaned at age 7, and by 1910 had incorporated her very own hair-care and beauty products company. Freeman demonstrates how Walker learned the ethics of giving from the many Black women who supported her and Black communities in Jim Crow America to become the nation's first self-made female millionaire and entrepreneur.